Patent attorney in China India Asia Pacific

Patents in China

Patent Filing in Asia, Patent Filing in China, Patent in Asia, Patent Lawyer in Asia

Patents are filed in China for international protection of inventions under PCT route after domestic patent filing.

The first patent application is filed in home country to secure a patent priority date. Thereafter, within 12 months of the priority date, a PCT international phase application is filed with the WIPO. The PCT international patent application provides a time period of almost 30 to 31 months from the priority date to file the same patent application in multiple countries, including, India, China, Singapore, and the like.

Patent Law in China

China and India amended their patent laws to fulfill the obligation of TRIPS agreement. India in 2005 and China in 2008 made their Patent Acts TRIPS compliant. The current governing law for Patents in China is Patent Law of the PRC, 1984; as amended in 1992, 2000 and 2008 read with Implementing Regulations of the Patent Law of the PRC, 2001; as amended in 2002 and 2010.

Patent attorney in China India Asia Pacific

Patent Eligibility in China

From the perspective of patentable subject matter and criteria of patentability, the patent law in China defines inventions as a new technical solution or improvement to a product/ process. Inventions for which patent is to be granted shall be novel, involve inventive step and having practical applicability (Article 22 of Patent Law of the People’s Republic of China: Conditions for Granting Patent Rights).

  1. Novelty: The claimed invention shall be a new technology. It must neither be known to the public (published or used/ made) both within the country and abroad before the date of filing of the patent application, nor shall be disclosed in any earlier filed patent application at the SIPO.
  2. Inventive step: Inventive step means, as compared to the existing technologies, the claimed invention shall possess prominent substantive features and represents notable progress. For assessing the prominent substantive features, it shall be determined that with reference to the closest prior art and the technical problem solved, whether the claimed invention is obvious to a person skilled in the art. Presence of a notable progress is assessed by determining that as compared with the prior art whether the invention has produced advantageous technical effects.
  3. Practical applicability: Practical applicability means, the invention must be capable of being made or used in an industry and can produce effective results. There are three types of patents recognized under the Chinese law viz. Invention Patents, Utility Model Patents and Design Patents (Article 2 of Patent Law of the People’s Republic of China, 1984).

Patent Filing in China

To felicitate patent filing, China has established representative offices of SIPO at all state capitals and district headquarters, where a Chinese citizen can file his/ her patent application. Application can also be filed through China Patent Electronic Application System (Article 26 of Patent Law of the People’s Republic of China, 1984: Patent Application).

However, a foreign applicant who does not have a regular residence or business site in China shall appoint a legally established patent agency for filing the patent application. Application can be filed in Chinese or English. If filed in English, the Chinese translation of the application shall be submitted within 30 months of the priority date.

To encourage patent filing by the domestic applicants, Chinese government provide subsidy in the patent filing/ examination fee to them. This has been proved to be highly successful in china. All the countries provide option of e-filing and filing of patent application in print copy at the appropriate patent office or its branches. In China, there is no option to file for a provisional application. The applicant is bound to file the complete application at once.

Patent Cost in China

For filing a patent application in China, the costs to be incurred include cost for patent search, drafting and filing the first application to secure patent priority date, followed by patent filing in China under PCT National Phase Entry or Paris Convention filing. The overall cost including official fee and charges of a patent lawyer / law firm in China can be in the range of $15000 – $20000.

Patent Filing Trends

Various new technologies are being protected in China by way of numerous patent filings. Artificial Intelligence (AI) is one of the technology sectors to experience immense growth in terms of patent filings. As per a latest report, Chinese companies have more patents as compared to patent filing companies in U.S. for artificial intelligence patents over the past three years, expanding their presence in the world’s most prominent high-tech battleground.

As per WIPO Technology Trends 2019, Artificial intelligence patents represent a new digital frontier that have resulted in a dynamic shift in the patent filings. Artificial Intelligence Patents, or, AI Patents are getting filed at an exponential rate covering crucial inventions across multiple applications, such as for example, autonomous vehicles, medical diagnosis, advanced manufacturing, and the like.

Rahul Dev, patent attorney, works closely with clients worldwide to assist them in determining if an idea or an invention is patentable is of critical importance. The process to determine patent eligibility of an invention includes conducting a thorough patent search to establish novelty, inventive step and utility of an invention.

Law Office of Patent Attorney Rahul Dev offers high value software patent drafting and patent due diligence services to clients by using proprietary and efficiently proven process along with a fixed fee costs, for performing comprehensive patent investigations and providing clients with strong patent reports for decision making.

We provide comprehensive Patent and Trademark legal services via our global network to create valuable patent portfolios and resolve complex patent disputes by providing patent litigation support services.

Our team of advanced patent attorneys assists clients with patent searches, drafting patent applications, and patent (intellectual property) agreements, including licensing and non-disclosure agreements.

Advocate Rahul Dev is a Patent Attorney & International Business Lawyer practicing Technology, Intellectual Property & Corporate Laws. He is reachable at rd (at) patentbusinesslawyer (dot) com & @rdpatentlawyer on Twitter.

Quoted in and contributed to 50+ national & international publications (Bloomberg, FirstPost, SwissInfo, Outlook Money, Yahoo News, Times of India, Economic Times, Business Standard, Quartz, Global Legal Post, International Bar Association, LawAsia, BioSpectrum Asia, Digital News Asia, e27, Leaders Speak, Entrepreneur India, VCCircle, AutoTech).

Regularly invited to speak at international & national platforms (conferences, TV channels, seminars, corporate trainings, government workshops) on technology, patents, business strategy, legal developments, leadership & management.

Working closely with patent attorneys along with international law firms with significant experience with lawyers in Asia Pacific providing services to clients in US and Europe. Flagship services include international patent and trademark filingspatent services in India and global patent consulting services.

Global Blockchain Lawyers (www.GlobalBlockchainLawyers.com) is a digital platform to discuss legal issues, latest technology and legal developments, and applicable laws in the dynamic field of Digital Currency, Blockchain Patents, Bitcoin, Cryptocurrency and raising capital through the sale of tokens or coins (ICO or Initial Coin Offerings).

Blockchain ecosystem in India is evolving at a rapid pace and a proactive legal approach is required by blockchain lawyers in India to understand the complex nature of applicable laws and regulations.

Advertisements

Patent Filing in China

Business in China, Patent Attorney in Asia, Patent Filing in Asia, Patent in Asia, Patent Lawyer in Asia

Patent applications in China are drafted and filed by Patent Agents in China, providing effective solutions for patent filings in China by setting up and running patent law offices in China. Patent attorneys in China assist clients in registration and enforcement of patents via an efficient global network.

Patent Law in China

Patent law encourages scientific research, new technology as well as industrial progress for public good. The exclusive privileges to own, use or sell the method or the product patented is granted for a limited period of time, which stimulates new inventions of commercial utility. The cost of the grant of the domination is the disclosure of the invention at the Patent Office, which after the expiry of the fixed period of the monopoly, passes into the public domain.

Comparison of the Indian Patent Law with the Patent Laws in the Asia Pacific Regions

patent agent lawyer law firm in China

Patent Law in India vs. Patent Law in China

Governing Laws

China and India amended their patent laws to fulfil the obligation of TRIPS agreement. India in 2005 and China in 2008 made their Patent Acts TRIPS compliant. The current governing laws for Patents in India is Patents Act, 1970; as amended in 1999, 2002 and 2005 read with the Patents Rules, 2003; as amended in 2005, 2006, 2012 and 2014 whereas the governing law for Patents in China is Patent Law of the PRC, 1984; as amended in 1992, 2000 and 2008 read with Implementing Regulations of the Patent Law of the PRC, 2001; as amended in 2002 and 2010.

Patentable Subject Matter in China

Criteria of Patentability in China

Subject matter eligible for patent grant and conditions of patentability in China are inventions in the form of new technical solution or improvement to a product/process which is granted by the Chinese Patent Law Regulator, i.e., the National People’s Congress, whereas in India new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of novelty and industrial application can be patented which is granted by the Indian Patent Law Regulators, i.e., The Patent Office or the Intellectual Property Appellate Board (IPAB).

Patent Filing in China

All the countries provide option of e-filing and filing of patent application in print copy at the appropriate patent office or its branches. To facilitate patent filing, China has established representative offices of SIPO at all state capitals and district headquarters, where a Chinese citizen can file his/ her patent application.

In India, while filing for patent, the applicant may file a provisional application, i.e. the summary of the invention and is filed to protect the invention at its early stage. The complete application has to be filed within a period of 12 months from the date of filing of the provisional application or else the application will be considered to be abandoned. But in China, there is no option to file for a provisional application. The applicant is bound to file the complete application at once.

Patent Prosecution in China

The most important steps during patent prosecution viz. patent filing, publication, examination, opposition and patent grant/rejection are pursued across the world. In India, the patent prosecution consists of only a single phase comprising of several steps. However, in China patent prosecution is divided into two distinct stages viz. formalities/preliminary examination stage and substantive examination stage, wherein a patent application can enter in the substantive examination stage only when it first passes the formalities/preliminary examination stage.

Patent laws in China provide various procedures to speed up the patent examination, whereas, no such options are currently available in India. India is also currently not a member of Patent Prosecution Highway (PPH), to which China is a member of. The Draft Patent (Amendment) Rules, 2015 has projected to add the provision for expedited patent examination in India.

In China, in the case of patent refusal the applicant can still recommence prosecution with the patent office through continued examination/ re-examination, and evade losing the priority date of the application, whereas in India such option is not provided.

Duty to Disclose Information Regarding Foreign Applications

Foreign Applications in China

In China, the applicants are required to disclose information regarding equivalent foreign patent applications. However, regulations in India in this context seem to be much more severe and hard to comply with. SIPO requires only the copies of priority search/ examination reports to be submitted. Whereas, in India as per the Section 8, the applicant is required to submit “detailed particulars” related to equivalent foreign application at the Indian Patent Office, irrespective of whether such information is material to patentability or not. In China failure to comply with this provision is not a ground of patent revocation after the patent grant. Whereas, in India for patent revocation under Section 64 of the Patents Act, 1970 the same can be considered as a valid ground. High Court of India has provided an important clarification that any unintentional omission of the information by the applicant shall not be treated as violation of this provision.

Patent Opposition in China

Pre-grant Opposition in China

China follows Ex-parte (by or for one party) pre-issuance submissions at the pre-grant stage, whereas, India has approved an Inter-partes (between the parties) pre-grant opposition procedure. No fee, estoppel provision and threshold to establish the proceeding are applicable at pre-grant stage in both the countries.

Post-grant Opposition in China

At post-grant stage both countries, China and India, follows Inter partes (between the parties) post-grant opposition.

Compulsory Licensing in China

Both China and India have adopted compulsory license provisions based on the justifications specified under Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) agreement. China has prescribed thorough guidelines on compulsory license. No analogous guidelines are available currently in India.

Reporting of Working of Patents in India

Patent law in India mandates each patentee and licensee of the patent to submit each year, information about the coverage to which the patented invention has been worked on a commercial scale in India. This information is to be put forward in accordance with Form-27. Many faults however, have been observed in the format of the Form-27. Patentee who fails to abide with this requirement is legally responsible for penalty. Requirement for reporting of working of patents is not prescribed in China.

Specialized Intellectual Property / Patent Courts in China

Specific courts for Intellectual Property/Patent have been set up in China for patent litigation matters relating to patent enforcement and patent infringement. Whereas, in India at present there are no such types of courts that are established for specifically adjudicating matter related with Intellectual Property rights. Newly created Commercial Courts in India will handle Intellectual Property disputes worth less than 1,00,00,000/.

We have personally managed and delivered comprehensive execution of patent projects in Asian markets, including:

(a) Reviewing invention disclosures meant for patent filings and prepared patent eligibility reports determining if invention is patentable (New; Inventive; Useful; and practical application)

(b) Drafting and managing domestic and international patent registrations

(c) Conducting product clearance studies and preparing Freedom to Operate Opinion with FTO reports

(d) Patent Investigation and Patent Searching services 

(e) Patent Claim Mapping to determine patent infringement by comparing infringing products with patent claims

(f) Assisted corporations and universities to manage all aspects of patent portfolio of various business units

(g) Working with clients to formulate internal policies and practices for invention harvesting

(h) Drafting and worldwide prosecution of patent applications

(i) Patent opposition and oral proceedings

(j) Evaluating and mitigating patent risks

(k) Monitoring technology development and competitors’ activities

(l) Advised inventors worldwide to draft, file and prosecute patent applications by providing comprehensive advice on issues of patent infringement, patentability, prior art searches, and patent licensing related transactions

We provide comprehensive Patent and Trademark legal services via our global network to create valuable patent portfolios and resolve complex patent disputes by providing patent litigation support services.

Our team of advanced patent attorneys assists clients with patent searches, drafting patent applications, and patent (intellectual property) agreements, including licensing and non-disclosure agreements.

Advocate Rahul Dev is a Patent Attorney & International Business Lawyer practicing Technology, Intellectual Property & Corporate Laws. He is reachable at rd (at) patentbusinesslawyer (dot) com & @rdpatentlawyer on Twitter.

Quoted in and contributed to 50+ national & international publications (Bloomberg, FirstPost, SwissInfo, Outlook Money, Yahoo News, Times of India, Economic Times, Business Standard, Quartz, Global Legal Post, International Bar Association, LawAsia, BioSpectrum Asia, Digital News Asia, e27, Leaders Speak, Entrepreneur India, VCCircle, AutoTech).

Regularly invited to speak at international & national platforms (conferences, TV channels, seminars, corporate trainings, government workshops) on technology, patents, business strategy, legal developments, leadership & management.

Working closely with patent attorneys along with international law firms with significant experience with lawyers in Asia Pacific providing services to clients in US and Europe. Flagship services include international patent and trademark filingspatent services in India and global patent consulting services.

Global Blockchain Lawyers (www.GlobalBlockchainLawyers.com) is a digital platform to discuss legal issues, latest technology and legal developments, and applicable laws in the dynamic field of Digital Currency, Blockchain, Bitcoin, Cryptocurrency and raising capital through the sale of tokens or coins (ICO or Initial Coin Offerings).

Blockchain ecosystem in India is evolving at a rapid pace and a proactive legal approach is required by blockchain lawyers in India to understand the complex nature of applicable laws and regulations.

patent attorney india

Patent Attorney in Asia

Patent Attorney in Asia, Patent Filing in Asia, Patent in Asia, Patent Lawyer in Asia, Patent Search in Asia, Patent Search in India

We have launched Asia Pacific (APAC) Patent and IP Consulting Practice in Singapore, serving Malaysia, Hong Kong, China and Singapore markets. We managed patent filings and prosecution in US, UK, Europe and Asian jurisdiction by working closely with international patent attorneys and patent law firms. We are extensively networked with lawyers, law firms, patent agents, patent attorneys, accountants, investment bankers, management consultants, startups and entrepreneurs in Asia. In past, we have worked closely with patent experts to provide ASEAN focused expertise in Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines and Vietnam. 

Patent Filing in India

Patent Filing in China

Patent Filing in Japan

Patent Drafting in Malaysia

patent

We have personally managed and delivered comprehensive execution of patent projects in Asian markets, including:
(a) Reviewing invention disclosures meant for patent filings and prepared patent eligibility reports determining if invention is patentable (New; Inventive; Useful; and practical application)
(b) Drafting and managing domestic and international patent registrations
(c) Conducting product clearance studies and preparing Freedom to Operate Opinion with FTO reports
(d) Patent Investigation and Patent Searching services 
(e) Patent Claim Mapping to determine patent infringement by comparing infringing products with patent claims
(f) Assisted corporations and universities to manage all aspects of patent portfolio of various business units
(g) Working with clients to formulate internal policies and practices for invention harvesting
(h) Drafting and worldwide prosecution of patent applications
(i) Patent opposition and oral proceedings
(j) Evaluating and mitigating patent risks
(k) Monitoring technology development and competitors’ activities
(l) Advised inventors worldwide to draft, file and prosecute patent applications by providing comprehensive advice on issues of patent infringement, patentability, prior art searches, and patent licensing related transactions

We provide comprehensive Patent and Trademark legal services via our global network to create valuable patent portfolios and resolve complex patent disputes by providing patent litigation support services.

Our team of advanced patent attorneys assists clients with patent searches, drafting patent applications, and patent (intellectual property) agreements, including licensing and non-disclosure agreements.

Advocate Rahul Dev is a Patent Attorney & International Business Lawyer practicing Technology, Intellectual Property & Corporate Laws. He is reachable at rd (at) patentbusinesslawyer (dot) com & @rdpatentlawyer on Twitter.

Quoted in and contributed to 50+ national & international publications (Bloomberg, FirstPost, SwissInfo, Outlook Money, Yahoo News, Times of India, Economic Times, Business Standard, Quartz, Global Legal Post, International Bar Association, LawAsia, BioSpectrum Asia, Digital News Asia, e27, Leaders Speak, Entrepreneur India, VCCircle, AutoTech).

Regularly invited to speak at international & national platforms (conferences, TV channels, seminars, corporate trainings, government workshops) on technology, patents, business strategy, legal developments, leadership & management.

Working closely with patent attorneys along with international law firms with significant experience with lawyers in Asia Pacific providing services to clients in US and Europe. Flagship services include international patent and trademark filingspatent services in India and global patent consulting services.

Global Blockchain Lawyers (www.GlobalBlockchainLawyers.com) is a digital platform to discuss legal issues, latest technology and legal developments, and applicable laws in the dynamic field of Digital Currency, Blockchain, Bitcoin, Cryptocurrency and raising capital through the sale of tokens or coins (ICO or Initial Coin Offerings).

Blockchain ecosystem in India is evolving at a rapid pace and a proactive legal approach is required by blockchain lawyers in India to understand the complex nature of applicable laws and regulations.